Diabetic Care Management

Diabetes is a disease that is on the rise in the current twenty-first century, particularly in developed nations. While the prevalence of diabetes is genetically motivated, significant lifestyle and other factors also cause the incidence of the disease. It has now reached the level of a global problem. Moreover, the problem with diabetes is that, in many cases, early-stage diabetes remains undiagnosed (O’Flynn). As a result, if the necessary lifestyle and other changes are not done, the disease aggravates to a point where medical interventions would be required. 

The interventions required for diabetes can be divided into two broad categories – personal and family and medical. For the management of diabetes, based on the severity or stage of the disease, one or a combination of both might be required. While the patient or their family would do the first kind of intervention, medical and nursing professionals would need support for the second intervention. 

For the more severe instances of diabetes, where the patient might already be at an advanced stage and require urgent and round-the-clock intervention, they are usually admitted to dedicated facilities providing continuous care. Alternatively, nursing and medical professionals might also be engaged to provide at-home care (Alshammari et al.). However, the area that remains constant is that nursing professionals play a crucial role in this level of intervention. 

As Alshammari et al. have pointed out from their empirical study, nursing professionals must engage in a comprehensive and complex role in diabetes management. As diabetes is a complicated disease with many physical symptoms, for control, the focus of nursing professionals always remains on providing holistic care (Alshammari et al.). The expression of diabetes varies significantly from person to person and might be exacerbated by other external factors such as cultural background and socioeconomic condition. Nursing professionals aim to find a balance among these different facets, to provide the best possible care to the client. 

Prescribing the relevant treatments, including insulin, is one of the most essential responsibilities for nursing professionals involved in diabetes management. Based on the progression of the disease and how well the patient responds to the treatment, the nurses can suggest increasing or lowering the dosage or a different course of medicine altogether. As they continuously work with the patients at the grassroots level, they remain best equipped to suggest the same. 

Nursing professionals in diabetes management also need to consider various interprofessional roles to comply with. A diabetes patient would also work with a physician, a nutritionist, a physical therapist, and other such professionals – and the nurse’s responsibility is to collaborate among these interprofessional levels and to ensure that the treatments prescribed do not clash with each other and are ineffective (O’Flynn). This also adds to the workload of the nursing professionals significantly.

Last but not least, one of the most critical responsibilities of a nurse, in this case, would be to provide the patient and their family with appropriate education and resources for diabetes management. Even if the patient is institutionalized for the time being, diabetes is a long-term disease, and it requires self-management on the part of the patient as well, supported by their family. Ensuring that the patient has the relevant information, and for other queries, they know which resources would be helpful for them, goes a long way. 

Works Cited

Alshammari, Muna et al. “The Role of Nurses in Diabetes Care: A Qualitative Study.” Open Journal of Nursing, 11, 2021

O’Flynn, Sinead. “Nurses’ Role in Diabetes Management and Prevention in Community Care.” Br J Community Nurs, 2, 2022. 

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